WireMock is a stub framework that helps you create stubs for outgoing HTTP traffic during your tests. Most people use WireMock in their test suite during build time of the application. Spin up the WireMock server, configure some stub rules, run the application tests, and tear everything down. This is a good way of testing your HTTP clients, using real traffic towards an external server.
chunked extension method is added to the
Iterable Java class and makes it possible to split an interable into fixed sized lists. We define the size of the lists as argument to the
chunked method. The return result is a list of lists. Each of the lists will have the number of elements we have specified as argument. The last list can have less elements if the total number of elements cannot be divided exactly by the size we specified as argument. We can specify a lambda transformation function as second argument. The lambda function has the new sublist as argument and we can write code to transform that sublist.
partition is available in Kotlin for arrays and iterable objects to split it into two lists. We pass a predicate lambda function to the
partition method. The predicate should return either
false based on a condition for each element from the array or iterable. The return result is a
Pair instance where the first element is a
List object with all elements that returned
true from the predicate. The second element in the
Pair object contains all elements for which the predicate returned
false. As a
String can be seen as an iterable of characters we can also use
partition on a
Developer experience, or DX for short, describes the overall feelings and perceptions a developer has while interacting with a language, tool or technique. The easier it is for a developer to work with the language, tool or technique the higher their sense of DX is. In this blog, I will briefly touch on DX but will also focus on experience in a broader meaning within software engineering.
Kotlin adds a lot of extension methods to the
String class. For example we can use the
take method to get a certain number of characters from the start of a string value. With the
drop method where we remove a given number of characters from the start of the string to get a new string. We can also take and drop a certain number of characters from the end of a string using the methods
Instead of using the number of characters we want to take or drop we can also use a condition defined with a predicate lambda function. We take or drop characters as long as the lambda returns
true. The names of the methods for taking characters are
takeLastWhile and for dropping characters
If we want to find the longest shared prefix or suffix for two string values we can use the
String extension methods
commonSuffixWith. The result is the prefix or suffix value that is common for both values. We can pass a second argument to the method to indicate if we want to ignore the casing of the letters. The default value for this argument is
false, so if we don’t set it explicitly the casing of the letters should also match.
Kotlin gives us the
associate method for collection objects, like lists, iterables and arrays. With this method we can convert the items in the collection to a new
Map instance. The
associate method accepts a lambda function as argument and we must return a
Pair from the lambda. The first item of the pair will be the key and the second element is the value of the key/value pair in the resulting map.
If we want to use the elements in our collection as key, but want to transform the value we must use
associateWith. The lambda for this method must return the value part of our key/value pair. Alternatively if we only want to transform the key value we can use
associateBy with one lambda function. The lambda function must return the result for the key in the key/value pair of the map. The method
associateBy is overloaded where we can pass two lambda functions. The first lambda function is for transforming the key and the second lambda function is for transforming the value.
Kotlin extends the
String class with a couple of padding methods. These methods allows us to define a fixed width a string value must occupy. If the string itself is less than the fixed width then the space is padded with spaces or any other character we define. We can pad to the left or the right of the string using the
padEnd methods. When we don’t define an argument a space character is used for padding, but we can also add our own custom character as argument that will be used as padding character.
Multiline strings are very useful. But sometimes we want use the multiline string without the leading spaces that are added because of code formatting. To remove leading spaces we can use the
trimIndent method. This method will find the least amount of leading spaces and removes that amount of spaces from each line. Also a first and last empty line are removed.
If we want a bit more control we can also add a character to the start of each line to show where the line starts. And then we use the method
trimMargin and all spaces before that character are removed. The default character is the pipe symbol,
|, but we can also define our own and pass it as argument to the
If we want to transform items in a collection we can use the
map method. If we also want to use the index of the element in the collection in the transformation we must use the
mapIndexed method. We must provide a lambda function with 2 arguments, where the first argument is the index of the element in the collection and the second argument is the element in the collection.