Introduction to Spring profiles

So many men, so many minds. When we are implementing software for different customers we sometimes need to handle various requirements for the same project. For example Customer A needs SAML authentication and customer B needs LDAP authentication.

With Spring Profiles (available from Spring 3.1) we are able to provide a way to segregate parts of our implemented application configuration. This blog will help us to make certain code or rather certain Spring beans only available for specific requirements. For example the example used in this blog can be used to activate the required authentication provider for the provider manager when using Spring Security.

Profiles can be configured by annotations and/or by xml.

@Component or @Configuration annotated beans can contain the annotation @Profile to only load them in a certain environment.

Probably not used anymore in freshly started projects, but it is also possible to make certain Spring beans only available within your XML configuration.

Activate correct profile
Of course you are able to combine both configurations, but is should be obvious to choose one configuration to make your code more predictable . Just to show the possibilities we have combined them in one project.In a plain Java application the profiles can be setup by activating the profile in your application context.

See the following github for the full source of this project:


Groovy Goodness: Using Layouts with MarkupTemplateEngine

The MarkupTemplateEngine added in Groovy 2.3 is very powerful. We can define layout templates with common markup we want to be used in multiple other templates. In the layout template we define placeholders for variables and content blocks surrounded by shared markup. We define values for these variables and content blocks in the actual template. We even can choose to propagate model attributes from the template to the layout template.

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Groovy Goodness: Nested Templates with MarkupTemplateEngine

Since Groovy 2.3 we can use the MarkupTemplateEngine to generate XML/HTML. We can write our templates using a builder syntax. Inside our templates we can define nested templates. These nested templates contain builder syntax code and can use objects that are passed as attributes to the nested template. To invoke a nested template we must use the fragment method and pass a Map with attributes that is used in the nested template. We can re-use nested templates inside our template.

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Groovy Goodness: Use Custom Template Class with MarkupTemplateEngine

Since Groovy 2.3 we can use the new MarkupTemplateEngine to generate XML/HTML content. The engine compiles the template for better performance and optionally provides type checking on model attributes used in the template. We can configure the template engine to use a custom base template class instead of the default BaseTemplate. In our custom template class we can add new methods that can be invoked from our template content.

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Groovy Goodness: Pretty Print XML

The easiest way to pretty print an XML structure is with the XmlUtil class. The class has a serialize() method which is overloaded for several parameter types like String, GPathResult and Node. We can pass an OutputSteam or Writer object as argument to write the pretty formatted XML to. If we don’t specify these the serialize() method return a String value.

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Gradle Goodness: Task Output Annotations Create Directory Automatically

One of the great features of Gradle is incremental build support. With incremental build support a task is only executed if it is really necessary. For example if a task generates files and the files have not changed than Gradle can skip the task. This speeds up the build process, which is good. If we write our own tasks we can use annotations for properties and methods to make them behave correctly for incremental build support. The @OutputDirectory annotation for example can be used for a property or method that defines a directory that is used by the task to put files in. Continue reading

Grassroots Groovy: Parse XML with XmlSlurper from Java

We can introduce Groovy into our Java projects at grassroots level. Even if we aren’t allowed to run the Groovy compiler we can use other ways to run Groovy code. As long as we can include the Groovy libraries as a compile dependency than we can already use Groovy from Java. In this post we see how we can use the power of XmlSlurper to parse XML from our Java code.

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