Spicy Spring: Dockerize Spring Boot Application With Jib

Jib is an open-source Java library from Google for creating Docker images for Java applications. Jib can be used as Maven or Gradle plugin in our Spring Boot project. One of the nice feature of Jib is that it adds layers with our classes, resources and dependency libraries for the Docker image. This means that when only class files have changed, the classes layer is rebuild, but the others remain the same. Therefore the creation of a Docker image with our Spring Boot application is also very fast (after the first creation). Also the Maven and Gradle plugins have sensible defaults, like using the project name and version as image name, so we don’t have to configure anything in our build tool. Although Jib provides options to configure other values for the defaults, for example to change the JVM options passed on to the application.

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Awesome Asciidoctor: Document Attributes With Styling

Document attributes in Asciidoctor are very powerful. We can assign values to a document attributes and reference the attribute name in our document enclosed between curly braces. Asciidoctor will fill in the value when the document is transformed. Instead of a plain value we can also use styling markup in the document attribute definition. We must use the passthrough macro and allow for quote substitution.

In the following example document we define three document attributes: cl-added, cl-updated and cl-changed. We use the passthrough macro, quotes substation to assign CSS classes:

Notice we need a file docinfo.html with the CSS style definitions:

When run Asciidoctor to get HTML output we see the following:

Written with Aciidoctor 1.5.7.1.

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Micronaut Mastery: Change The Default Package For Generated Classes

When we use the Micronaut command line commands to generate controllers, beans and more, the classes will have a default package name. We can use a fully qualified package name for the class we want to generate, but when we only define a class name, Micronaut will use a default package name automatically. We can set the default package for an application when we first create an application with the create-app command. But we can also alter the default package name for an existing Micronaut application.

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Micronaut Mastery: Adding Custom Info To Info Endpoint

In a previous post we learned how to add build information to the /info endpoint in our application. We can add custom information to the /info endpoint via our application configuration or via a bean by implementing the InfoSource interface. Remember we need to add the io.micronaut:management dependency to our application for this feature.

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Micronaut Mastery: Using Specific Configuration Properties For HTTP Client

One of the (many) great features of Micronaut is the HTTP client. We use the @Client annotation to inject a low-level HTTP client. Or we define a declarative HTTP client based on an interface, for which Micronaut will generate an implementation. The @Client annotation supports the configuration parameter to reference a configuration class with configuration properties for the HTTP client. The configuration class extends HttpClientConfiguration to support for example the configuration of timeouts and connection pooling. We can add our own configuration properties as well and use them in our application.

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Micronaut Mastery: Using Stubs For Testing

Writing tests is always a good idea when developing an application. Micronaut makes it very easy to write tests. Using the @Client annotation we can generate a client for our REST resources that uses HTTP. Starting up a Micronaut application is so fast we can run our actual application in our tests. And using dependency injection we can replace components from the production application with stubs in our tests.

Let’s show how we can use stub in our tests for an example application. In the example application we have controller ConferenceController that returns Conference objects. These objects are fetched from a simple data repository ConferenceDataRepository. When we write a test we want to replace the ConferenceDataRepository with a stub, so we can return the appropriate Conference objects for our tests.

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Micronaut Mastery: Documenting Our API Using Spring REST Docs

Spring REST Docs is a project to document a RESTful API using tests. The tests are used to invoke real REST calls on the application and to generate Asciidoctor markup snippets. We can use the generated snippets in an Asciidoctor document with documentation about our API. We can use Spring REST Docs to document a REST API we create using Micronaut.

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Micronaut Mastery: Return Response Based On HTTP Accept Header

Suppose we want our controller methods to return a JSON response when the HTTP Accept header is set to application/json and XML when the Accept header is set to application/xml. We can access the values of HTTP headers in our controller methods by adding an argument of type HttpHeaders to our method definition and Micronaut will add all HTTP headers with their values as HttpHeaders object when we run the application. In our method we can check the value of the Accept header and return a different value based on the header value.

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Micronaut Mastery: Add Custom Health Indicator

When we add the io.micronaut:management dependency to our Micronaut application we get, among other things, a /health endpoint. We must enable it in our application configuration where we can also configure how much information is shown and if we want to secure the endpoint. Micronaut has some built-in health indicators, some of which are only available based on certain conditions. For example there is a disk space health indicator that will return a status of DOWN when the free disk space is less than a (configurable) threshold. If we would have one or more DataSource beans for database access in our application context a health indicator is added as well to show if the database(s) are available or not.

We can also add our own health indicator that will show up in the /health endpoint. We must write a class that implements the HealthIndicator interface and add it to the application context. We could add some conditions to make sure the bean is loaded when needed. Micronaut also has the abstract AbstractHealthIndicator class that can be used as base class for writing custom health indicators.

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Micronaut Mastery: Add Build Info To Info Endpoint

Micronaut has some built-in management endpoints to get information, a list of beans, health checks and more. To enable the endpoints we must add the dependency io.micronaut:management to our application. Then we can add configuration properties to enable the different endpoints. The /info endpoint gathers information from several sources with properties. If we want to add build information we must create a file build-info.properties with information and Micronaut will automatically add the properties from the file to the /info endpoint.

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