Stream API

Java Joy: Getting Multiple Results From One Stream With Teeing Collector

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Hubert Klein Ikkink

If we want to get two types of information from a Stream of objects we can consume the Stream twice and collect the results. But that is not very efficient, especially when the stream has a lot of objects. Since Java 12 we can use the teeing method of the java.util.stream.Collectors class to get multiple results while consuming the stream of objects only once. The teeing method takes two collectors as argument each returning a separate result for the stream items. As third argument we must pass a function that will merge the results of the two collectors into a new object.

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Java Joy: Merge Maps Using Stream API

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Hubert Klein Ikkink

In Java we can merge a key/value pair into a Map with the merge method. The first parameter is the key, the second the value and the third parameter of the merge method is a remapping function that is applied when the key is already present in the Map instance. The remapping function has the value of the key in the original Map and the new value. We can define in the function what the resulting value should be. If we return null the key is ignored.

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Java Joy: Reapply Function With Stream iterate

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Hubert Klein Ikkink

In Java we can use the iterate method of the Stream class to create an unbounded stream based on function invocations. We pass to the iterate method an initial value and a function that can be applied to the value. The first element in the unbounded stream is the initial value, the next element is the result of the function invocation with as argument the value from the previous element and this continues for each new element. Suppose we have a function expressed as lambda expression i → i + 2. When we use this lambda expression with the iterate method and a initial value of 1 we get a stream of 1, 1 → 1 + 2, 3 → 3 + 2, …​.

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Java Joy: Infinite Stream Of Values Or Method Invocations

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Hubert Klein Ikkink

In Java we can use the generate method of the Stream class to create an infinite stream of values. The values are coming from a Supplier instance we pass as argument to the generate method. The Supplier instance usually will be a lambda expression. To give back a fixed value we simply implement a Supplier that returns the value. We can also have different values when we use a method that returns a different value on each invocation, for example the randomUUID method of the UUID class. When we use such a method we can create the Supplier as method reference: UUID::randomUUID.

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